All cases filed in court follow a basic course in a state court system. The distinction depends on the type of case that is submitted and the title of the action taken on the case. But normally they all go through the very same process.
General Process of a State Lawsuit
Initial Appearance— In criminal cases, the accused is presented in court and recommended of the charges submitted against him or her. The court may designate an attorney if the defendant can not afford one
Arraignment— The charges read to the accused. The accused might plead guilty or not guilty
Pre-trial proceedings— parties and counsel agree on the proof and witnesses to be provided. They likewise settle on the problems to be ruled by the court. Laws relevant are likewise determined
Trial— At this phase the prosecuting attorney or counsel for the complainant makes an opening declaration.
The opening statement is an overview of the facts that will exist. In turn, the defense lawyer also gives an opening declaration or he might wait until later in the trial when it is time for them to present their case.
This is followed by the presentation of witnesses and documentary proof, initially on the side of the complainant or complainant and when the party rests their case, it is accused’s count on present testimonial and documentary evidence.
The celebrations are allowed to cross examine the witnesses. When all testimonies and documentary evidence are presented, both celebrations provide their closing statements.
The prosecution and offender summarize their evidence, highlighting on the greatest points to prove or refute the proof. After the closing statement, the case is submitted for choice. The judge instructs the jury, discussing the laws that are applicable to the case. In civil cases, the administering judge makes the decision.
Promulgation of the Choice— The court checks out the decision rendered in the case. In criminal cases, the jury presents a written verdict to the judge and the clerk of court reads it. The verdict can be an acquittal or a conviction.
In civil cases, the judge may give the petition or deny it.
Sentencing— If the decision is a conviction, sentence is pronounced
Appeal— if celebrations are not satisfied with the decision of the court, they are allowed making an attract a superior court.