There are 2 separate court systems in the United States and they are the federal and the state. Because the constitution has developed federalism, government powers are shared in between the federal government and state federal governments. The constitution specifically grants particular powers to the federal government.
Powers not designated to the federal government falls to the specific state government. Each state makes its own laws and those laws are applicable only to that particular state. Nevertheless, laws enacted by state federal government have to not be in dispute or break the Constitution.
Some states have courts with limited jurisdiction. These courts are administered by a single judge and they hear civil and criminal cases. All states have general jurisdiction high court that are administered by a single judge.
These trial courts are called circuit courts and they hear significant civil and criminal cases. Some states have unique courts and are referred to as state supreme court that functions as an appellate court. The majority of states have an intermediate appellate court that hears appeal from the high court.
State courts analyze and choose matters of their specific state constitution. The state court system differs from one state to another. Each state court system has its own unique features but some general functions are discovered in all state courts. Nevertheless, all state court system have the very same basic levels.
The trial court is the basic workhorse of a state court system. In the structure of the state court system, high court rank as the lowest level court, but this is where a case or a lawsuit is submitted, heard and decided. Many high court have general jurisdiction. A few of the courts have special or limited jurisdiction, such as family court, juvenile court, court of probate or traffic court.
There are states where courts are designated to manage “little claims.” In other states such claims are dealt with in unique divisions of the general high court. This likewise applies to probate and juvenile courts. Individuals might broadly call a court a juvenile court or a little claims court, but really, they are discussing a juvenile or small claims department of the basic circuit court.
State Court System vary from one state to another. However, all state courts operate on a number of levels that is distinguished by the type of the matter of the case heard or the quantity of cash at stake.