State court systems in the United States are not the exact same from one state to another. There is a very little difference. Every state works independently under the constitution and the laws of the state. The character and the title of the court may differ from one state to another, however they have typical functions.
State federal governments make their own state courts by enacting statutes or through constitutional arrangements for the function of executing state law. Each state is an independent body and frequently referred to as the “third branch” of government.
Although state courts are independent, they still depend upon the state legislatures for the appropriation of cash to run the judicial system. Legislatures authorize court systems to develop guidelines of procedures and at time, direct them to investigate issues and problems in the legal system.
Main Function of State Courts
Enforcement— Considering that states are enabled making their own laws, the states need to have their own courts to implement those laws.
Interpretation— State courts analyze the laws made by the state and ensure that these laws do not break the Constitution of the United States.
Invalidation— When the state court identifies that a state law is unconstitutional, they revoke said law. In most circumstances, claims of invalidation involves laws that breach the Expense of Rights in the Constitution.
Producing a law— State courts might produce the law for common law disciplines. Common law covers those locations not covered by statutes. In the majority of states, common law secures people’ rights of privacy and publicity, instead of under statutory laws.
State courts are produced to arbitrate civil and criminal cases. At the lowest level, there are high court with general jurisdiction, in addition to trial courts with minimal jurisdiction.
State courts with restricted jurisdiction deal with small civil cases like little claims or matters involving conciliation. They handle lower offense that are categorized as misdemeanors. State courts with restricted jurisdiction may be administered by a part-time judge.
Some state even allow individuals not trained in the law to preside over the proceedings. This person is called a Justice of Peace. He handles minor cases such as traffic offenses.
State courts of general jurisdiction manage major civil problems and more serious crimes that are called felonies. These courts are sometimes referred to as superior courts. They are administered by a regular appointed judge, who sits for a term.