The state courts of the United States of America manages the majority of legal cases. They lead marital relationship licenses to divorce cases. They handle significant felonies such as murder or robbery, to minor ones such as speeding tickets.
State Court Jurisdiction
With the substantial number of cases submitted every year in the United States, just about a million are provided in federal courts. The rest, about more than 30 million, is provided in state courts. Almost all of the legal cases are dealt with by state courts since they have the power or the jurisdiction to hear all kinds of cases, including people of a particular state, such as:
Family cases — this includes matters including divorce, adoption and child custody
Injury cases — these are claims for injury as a result of car accidents or from faulty items
Estate Planning and probate matters
Criminal law matters — this consists of all types of felonies and misdemeanors as a consequence for the offense of state criminal statutes
There are cases where state courts have no jurisdiction or power to hear. These consists of cases involving in bankruptcy, patents, copyrights, immigration, and offenses of federal criminal law. These are cases solely dealt with by federal courts.
Cases Where State Courts have Jurisdiction to Hear
- Crook cases
- Tort Issues
- Agreement Procedures
- Probate or Estate Law
- Family Disputes
Primary Courts in the State Court System
Lower State Courts — Also called as courts of essential jurisdiction. They are licensed to hear a wide variety of cases, work on a country level, the busiest courts in the entire legal system in the country and hear no less than 40 million cases each year. They also both hear civil and criminal. However, there are lower state courts that are designated as special courts to deal with and hear only a particular claim or type of felony.
State Appellate Courts — There are intermediate courts that examine lower court decisions when there are concerns of legal procedure or matters of law emerging from those decisions.
State Supreme Courts — This is the court of last resort or the most significant court in the state. Only one highest court is allowed for every state. These courts have different names in every country. Some states call them Supreme Court while other countries call them the Court of Appeals.